Clock Ticking on Juvenile Justice Act: Summary of Senate’s Juvenile Justice Bill

Bill Howard
September 1, 1996

Highlights of the Senate Judiciary Committee's S.1952 to reauthorize the juvenile justice program:

  • Drastically refocuses program. Launches intensive new research and evaluation effort to find best ways of preventing the rise in young violent offenders — and also to assist states in punishing and controlling violent young offenders.
  • Repeals special-emphasis grants, state challenge grants and Title V local prevention incentive grants — plus sections of the law authorizing treatment of juvenile offenders who are victims of child abuse, mentoring programs, boot camps and a White House conference on juvenile justice.
  • Retains, but weakens, mandates relating to minorities, status offenders, separation of youth from adults in jails and their removal from adult jails.
  • Abolishes five percent set-aside funding for juvenile justice state advisory groups (SAGs). State formula grants would be restricted to funding programs deemed "effective" by a new research and evaluation office.
  • Drops all funding for training, including a $2 million-plus annual earmark for judges.
  • Splits the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) into two new agencies. The Office of Youth Violence Reduction (downgraded to a line agency with a civil servant as director) would manage the $70 million state formula grant program and $16 million for child protection, including $7 million for missing and exploited children. A greatly expanded National Institute of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (upgraded to a president-appointed administrator) would receive $70 million for research and demonstration, including $28 million earmarked for evaluation of violent offender prevention programs.

    The Runaway and Homeless Youth Title III administered by the Department of Health and Human Resources would be retained in Its current form.

    Howard, Bill. "Clock Ticking on Juvenile Justice Act: Summary of Senate’s Juvenile Justice Bill." Youth Today, September/October 1996, p. 54.

    ©2000 Youth Today. Reprinted with permission from Youth Today. All rights reserved.

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