Why School Suspensions Don’t Work

January 26, 2016

stephanie kraussI never had a student change his or her behavior for the better because he or she was suspended. Most of the time students returned and reoffended. Time away from school seemed to exacerbate problems, not fix them.

As a public school leader, I was in charge of major disciplinary actions — suspensions and expulsions. My school was for older, disconnected youth, some with violent and criminal backgrounds. We had to suspend students for all types of reasons: theft, fighting, threatening, bringing a weapon to school.

Even in a school run by social workers, our commitment to helping students was handicapped by some pretty arbitrary discipline rules. Our school board set and approved disciplinary policies, which were developed in partnership with our school leadership team, under the advisement of our lawyer. We all understood there were precedents to follow.

When we started, our discipline committee pored over policies from every area school district. Our lawyers told us to stay consistent with others. It would protect our school. I got it: Can you imagine what a judge and jury would think if we were a zero-suspension school, and a student with a history of violent behavior injured or killed a student or staff member?

So we set policies that mirrored those who had gone before us. Depending on the infraction, students could be suspended for one to three days or 11 to 180 days. If suspended, a student was given a bus ticket and a performance improvement plan. Requirements for her return were put in place. I am glad to say, those requirements often included supports and therapeutic interventions. But while a student was gone, she was provided with very little beyond schoolwork.

Thinking back, I know we set students up to fail. We followed precedents and protocol. We understood suspensions did not work, but when someone did something really risky or scary, removal was more appealing than restoration.

As a system, we induced a cycle of problem behavior. Students would act out, get sent home, be suspended, then return to school some number of days later. Now behind in their work, and embarrassed (or proud) of their absence, they would be more easily agitated and more likely to act out again. Quite a few of our students would spend their time away engaging in the same kinds of behavior, which could include running the streets, staying up late, drinking or doing drugs. They would come back in rough shape — hungry, hungover and tired.

As a leader, I allowed our school to use time as proxy for progress when it came to all major disciplinary situations. Some random number of days, first decided by some school district somewhere, was supposed to resolve whatever caused the suspension in the first place.

Time is not a cure-all for a young person’s problem behavior. Suspensions are easy to administer, monitor and track. Time-based policies are clean and can be uniform across settings and systems. A 10-day suspension looks the same and happens for the same reasons at my school and yours. We know when three or five or 10 days is up. We know when we should expect an instant change in behavior.

The problem is, it does not work. In the case of our school-based discipline, time was a poor proxy for progress, because students simply did not progress toward anything beneficial during their time away. And typically, the more time away the worse the results.

Time plays proxy for progress in many ways across youth systems. Juvenile judges issue timebased sentences: a certain number of days in a detention center or hours of community service. Educators follow seat-time credentialing requirements: a certain number of minutes of instruction to earn a unit of credit. Prevention programs set limits on the number of days or weeks a young person can be in a substance abuse treatment facility. Shelters and transitional living programs, often tied to public dollars, max out after a few weeks or months.

We all need to thoughtfully examine the efficacy of the time-based measures our youth systems rely on. Ask yourself, when and how does this measure lead a young person to move ahead, improve, grow and develop? Is there another way? A better way?

Knowing what I know now, I would have done more, much more, to find alternatives to suspension. I would have demanded our discipline practices kept all youth — including those who got in trouble — in the center.

It is time to set new precedents, to level the scales and bring progress-based measures up to the same level as our time-based ones. Each of us must come up with reasonable and scalable alternatives. If not, we will continue to have many young people biding their time — in school, out of school, in programs, out of programs — waiting to progress, waiting to finish. But in the wait, we will lose them.

Stephanie Malia Krauss is special projects advisor with Jobs for the Future. At the time of this article, she was a senior fellow at The Forum For Youth Investment, focusing on issues of youth readiness and competencybased education. She was previously president and chief executive officer of Shearwater Education Foundation.

This article originally appeared on Youth Today. It is reprinted here with permission. 

Stephanie Malia Krauss


Achat De Baclofene [url=]cialis 5 mg[/url] Dutasteride Shop Amoxil Twice Daily Dosing Xenical 600 Mg

Azathioprine [url=]viagra[/url] Amoxicillin And Alcohol Reaction

Neurontin Where Can I Buy Lasix Without A Prescription Priligy Lloyds [url=]prix levitra en pharmacie paris[/url] Commande Cytotec Buy Generic Kamagra

Buy Amoxicillin Children Cialis Comprare On Line Propecia Low Sperm Count [url=]order cialis online[/url] Original Viagra Rezeptfrei Bestellen Cialis Acheter En Pharmacie

Adult Dose Amoxicillin Achat Cialis Generique Belgique [url=]cialis online[/url] Zithromax Atrial Fibrillation Levitra Mecanismo De Accion Online Prescriptions Cephalexin Monohydrate

Minocycline Expired 2012 [url=]buy viagra[/url] Kamagra En Sachet Propecia Complications

Acquistare Viagra On Line E Reato [url=]cialis cheapest online prices[/url] Viagra Sale Pfizer

Provera Overseas My Escrow Drugs [url=]cialis indicaciones contraindicaciones[/url] Levitra Pills Online

Cialis 10 Mg Levitra Generico Forum Online [url=]cialis tablets for sale[/url] Online Drug Stores In Usa

bagus sekali artikelnya <a href=""... jelly gamat </a>
bagus sekali artikelnya <a href=""... Obat Asam Urat Berbahaya</a>
bagus sekali artikelnya <a href=" Mengatasi Mual Dan Muntah Saat Hamil</a>
bagus sekali artikelnya <a href="">... Gatal Selangkangan</a>
bagus sekali artikelnya <a href="">Obat HB rendah untuk ibu hamil</a>
bagus sekali artikelnya <a href="">Obat maag untuk ibu hamil</a>
bagus sekali artikelnya <a href=" radang usus</a>
bagus sekali artikelnya <a href=" Jelly Gamat Gold G Dengan QNC Jelly Gamat</a>

Siang .. Let us plan what we will do. Let&;s do what we have planned
<a href=""> Efek Samping Pasca Operasi Kanker Otak</a>

Never heard of Feng Shui, but nice to learn something new. I&;ll feature this on my blog
<a href="">obat diabetes kering alami</a>

news content was very nice , I like . I would like to have this kind of web content is cool and interesting .. also visit our website
<a href=" penyakit kanker paru paru</a>

By praying and fighting certainly will get the best results? very nice article thanks already present.
<a href=" Mata Pinguecula</a>
<a href="">Ci... Ginjal Bengkak Dan Pengobatannya</a>
<a href=" Mata Pterigium Tanpa Operasi</a>
<a href="">Cara Ampuh Mengobati Diabetes Secara Alami</a>

<a href="">Slimming Capsule</a> This can be used to replace a meal and you are sure the balance of vitamins and minerals and There is evidence that for some people it might work better that a calorie-controlled diet. Slimming capsule slimming drug is different from others because of natural ingredients that is in use is the result of its own garden which is managed by Prof.Li Deming, PhD where he is a doctoral graduate of the world famous University, Cornell University, USA.

I like the way you have shared something fresh here on this article and i was getting bored and then i have got many things from this article.Escorts in Chennai

Thank you for the article was very helpful, I liked his discussion and hopefully a lot of other people who may read this article <a href="">Slimming Capsule</a>

Thanks for sharing it..i really liked it...
Always success..


Thank you for the article was very helpful, I liked his discussion and hopefully a lot of other people who may read this article <a href="">P... Sindrom Nefrotik Pada Anak</a>

Thank you for the article was very helpful, I liked his discussion and hopefully a lot of other people who may read this article <a href="">Obat Nyeri Sendi Terbaik</a>

Thank you for the article was very helpful, I liked his discussion and hopefully a lot of other people who may read this article <a href=" Kelenjar Getah Bening</a>

You’ve written nice post, I am gonna bookmark this page, thanks for info. I actually appreciate your own position and I will be sure to come back here.
<a href="">mortal kombat x</a>, <a href="">a10</a>, <a href="">roblox</a>, <a href="">color switch</a>

Thank you for the article was very helpful, I liked his discussion and hopefully a lot of other people who may read this article <a href="">Slimming Capsule Green World</a>

Google sering dianggap sebagai mesin pencari terbaik dan menawarkan beberapa alat webmaster sewa motor jogja yang luar biasa sehingga Anda dapat yakin bahwa ini akan membantu Anda menghasilkan banyak uang di perjalanan. Anda harus meninjau semuanya dengan cara yang signifikan agar nantinya Anda tidak mengalami kesulitan apa pun dalam memilih sewa motor jogja yang terpercaya di kalangan para pelancong.

These boots are amongst the best on the planet, are enhanced each year, and are exceptionally looked for after by the most perceiving player. <a href="">watch Roland Garros live</A>

This is the 2010 adaptation of the well known Predator line. <a href="">watch Roland Garros live</A>

<a href="" >Cara Pengobatan Wasir Stadium 4</a>
<a href="" >Cara Pengobatan Ambeien Stadium 4</a>
<a href="" >Cara Mengobati Wasir Stadium 3 Dan 4</a>
<a href="" >Cara Mengobati Wasir Stadium 3</a>
<a href="" >Cara Mengobati Wasir Stadium 3 Secara Alami</a>
<a href="" >Cara Mengobati Wasir Stadium 3 Dan 4</a>
<a href="" >Cara Mengatasi Wasir Stadium 3</a>
<a href="" >Cara Mengobati Ambeien Stadium 3 Tanpa Operasi</a>
<a href="" >Cara Menyembuhkan Wasir Stadium 3</a>
<a href="" >Cara Mengatasi Ambeien Stadium 3</a>

thanks to informsinya , live memanag should be utilized in the best possible

<a href="">obat untuk melegakan pernapan</a>

The disease of cancer is indeed very dangerous for anyone. Here I will give you the right solutions to address a wide range of cancers

<a href=" 8 Penyakit Kanker Dan Cara Pengobatannya</a>

<a href=" Menyembuhkan Berbagai Macam Penyakit Kanker</a>

Thank you for the article was very helpful, I liked his discussion and hopefully a lot of other people who may read this article. <a href=" Usus Lengket</a>

Mengirimkan peta situs yang tepat adalah hal penting yang harus Anda lakukan sebagai pemilik bisnis jasa seo. Anda harus mengirimkan sitemap di mesin pencari masing-masing sehingga tidak ada ketidaknyamanan yang ditimbulkan. Anda perlu mencari beberapa pilihan bagus setelah berkonsultasi dengan ahli jasa rental motor jogja Anda sehingga Anda tidak akan melakukan kesalahan di kemudian hari.

ugg outletcanada goose outletcheap oakley sunglassesugg outletcoach factory outletoakley sunglassescanada goose outletultra boostmichael kors handbagsoakley sunglasses wholesalecoach factory outletnhl jerseystrue religion jeanspolo outletvalentino outletcoach factory outletpolo ralph laurencanada goose jacketsfitflops sale clearancemichael kors outletcoach outletray ban sunglassescheap jordansralph lauren polocheap snapbacksralph lauren ukugg outlettrue religion outlet storecheap mlb jerseysmichael kors handbagspandora charmscoach outlet onlinemichael kors handbagsugg outletpandora jewelryugg bootscoach outletair jordan 4michael kors outletcanada goose outletcoach outletcoach outlet onlinecoach factory outletpandora jewelryhermes beltsmichael kors outlet clearancenike air maxchristian louboutin shoesuggs outletnike shoescanada goose outletmichael kors outletnike huarachelongchamp outletcoach outletpolo ralph laurenmichael kors handbagschristian louboutin outletpandora outletralph lauren sale clearanceuggs outletcheap nfl jerseyschristian louboutin shoescanada goose outletcheap jordansmichael kors outletcoach factory outletair jordan retromichael kors outletpolo ralph laurenpolo ralph laurencheap nfl jerseysadidas nmdcanada goose jacketsmichael kors outletcoach outletnorth face jacketspandora outletugg outletmulberry handbagscoach outletmichael kors outletugg outletmichael kors outletyeezy boostugg outletmcm outletcoach outlet store onlineadidas yeezymichael kors outletcanada goosemichael kors outletpandora charmscoach outletnfl jerseysnike outletcoach outletkate spade outletugg outletadidas shoespolo outletpolo ralph lauren pas chercanada goose outletmichael kors outletmichael kors outletcanada goose outletpolo ralph laurencheap nfl jerseyspolo outletcoach outletkate spade handbagscanada goose outletmichael kors outletferragamo shoesadidas outletcheap ugg bootschristian louboutin outletpolo outletray ban outletmulberry handbagscoach factory outletcanada goose outletcanada goose outletsuperdry clothingpolo ralph laurentory burch outletnike shoeschristian louboutin outletkate spade outletralph lauren outletnike trainersugg bootsmichael kors outletugg boots clearancemanolo blahnik outletchristian louboutinkate spade outletmlb jerseys wholesalemichael kors outletnfl jerseys wholesaleadidas nmdpandora charmscanada goose jacketscoach outletsupreme outletpolo ralph laurencanada goose outletchristian louboutin outletmoncler outletcanada goose jacketsasics shoescoach outletmichael kors handbagscoach outletnhl jerseyspandora charmstrue religion outletyeezy boost 350coach outlet onlinecoach outletmont blanc penspolo ralph laurencoach factory outletray ban sunglassesuggs outletpandora outletpolo ralph laurenferragamo outlettory burch outletchristian louboutin outletadidas yeezycoach factory outletpandora charmscoach outletuggs outletugg outletcoach outlet onlinepolo ralph laurenpolo outletcanada goose outletoakley sunglassesuggs outletcoach outletmichael kors outletcoach outletpandora outletugg bootsnfl jerseyscoach outlet onlinebirkenstock outletyeezy boostmlb jerseyskate spade outletmichael kors outletmichael kors outletchristian louboutin outletnike outletadidas yeezybirkenstock shoesmichael kors outletcoach outletfred perry polo shirtspolo ralph laurenprada outletrolex watchesfred perry outletmont blanc penscanada goose jacketsugg bootskate spade outletuggs canadapolo ralph laurenair jordan shoescoach outletcanada goose jacketspolo outletlacoste outletnike shoeschristian louboutin outletkate spade outletcheap nfl jerseysadidas outletmbt shoesnike outletadidas yeezy shoescanada goose jacketsgucci outletcanada goose outletpolo outletmichael kors outletasics running shoesralph lauren outletray ban sunglassechristian louboutin outletoakley sunglassescanada goose outletmcm handbagsair max 90cheap ugg bootskate spade outletcoach outletchristian louboutin outletlongchamp outletpandora charms sale clearancenorth face jacketspolo ralph laurenralph lauren shirtsmichael kors outletkate spade outletmichael kors outletcanada goose jacketscoach outlettory burch outletcoach outlet onlinecheap nfl jerseysnike shoes outletmichael kors outletmichael kors handbagsmichael kors outletnike outletchristian louboutin outletcoach outletcanada goose jacketschristian louboutin outletmichael kors outletcoach outlet onlineuggs outletpandora outletmichael kors outletred bottom shoesralph lauren shirtsmbt shoesmoncler outletugg outletprada handbagsoff-whitepolo ralph laurencheap jerseysnorth face jacketsugg outletralph lauren polored bottom shoeskate spade outletpolo ralph laurenmoncler outletmichael kors outletpandora charmschristian louboutin outletfitflops sale clearancepandora jewelrypandora outletcoach outlet onlinepandora jewelrycheap jordansmoncler outletkate spade outletuggs outletugg boots clearancecoach outletadidas outletpandora jewelrygucci outletmichael kors outletcoach outletoakley sunglasses wholesalekate spade outletpolo ralph laurentrue religion outletlebron james shoespolo ralph laurencoach outlet onlineugg bootsyeezy boostmbt shoesuggs outletcoach outletcoach outletmbt shoesoakley sunglassesnorth face jacketsmichael kors outletcoach outletmichael kors outletcoach factory outletvibram fivefingersmont blanc pensmichael kors outletpolo ralph laurenpolo outletcanada goose jacketsnfl jerseysfitflops sale clearancecoach outlet onlinemichael kors outlettrue religion jeansadidas nmd shoespuma outletkate spade outletcanada goose jacketscoach outletnfl jerseys wholesaleoakley sunglasses wholesaleoff white clothinggiuseppe zanotti outletoakley sunglassescanada goose outletchristian louboutin outletpandora outletuggs canadarolex watcheskate spade outletcoach outletmichael kors handbagslunette ray banpandora outletuggs outletcheap jordanscoach outlet onlinechristian louboutin outletmichael kors handbagsugg bootschristian louboutin outletnike shoesray ban sunglassenike kyrie 3coach outletchristian louboutin outletmichael kors handbagspolo ralph laurenfred perry polocheap ugg bootscanada goose jacketssupreme ukpandora outletcoach outletpandora charmslongchamp handbagsmbt shoescoach outletchristian louboutin outletkate spade outlettrue religion outletpandora outletcoach outletray ban sunglassespandora jewelryair max 90michael kors outletmichael kors outletchristian louboutin outletkate spade outletpandora outletcoach outletmichael kors outlet clearancepandora charmmichael kors outletlebron james shoesugg bootsmulberry handbagsnfl jerseys wholesaletrue religion outletcoach outletoakley sunglasses wholesalepandora outletugg bootscanada goose jacketsoakley sunglasseschristian louboutin boutiqueair max 2017michael kors outletmichael kors outletprada outletmoncler jacketspandora charmsvalentino outletcheap nfl jerseysmichael kors outletcanada goose outletpandora jewelrypandora charmsvalentino outletkobe bryant shoesmichael kors outletpandora jewelrycheap jerseysgiuseppe zanotti outletugg outletugg outletchristian louboutin outletoakley sunglassescoach outletcoach outlet onlinenfl jerseys wholesalepolo shirtsfitflops sale clearancenfl jerseyskate spade outletugg outletcanada goose outletcanada goosemichael kors outletmoncler jacketspandora outleted hardy clothingralph lauren outletmulberry handbagsadidas superstar shoesray ban sunglassescoach outletmichael kors handbagscoach outletvans shoescoach outletmichael kors outlet clearancecoach outlettrue religion outletcoach outletcoach outlet canadanike outletmbt shoespandora jewelrytrue religion jeanscanada goose outletmichael kors outlettrue religion jeansclarks shoescanada goose outletcoach outlet onlinenfl jerseyscanada goose outletconversemoncler outletmichael kors outletpandora charmsnorth face jacketsnfl jerseys wholesalecoach outlethermes birkinralph lauren polo shirtsralph lauren outletralph lauren outletray ban sunglassesugg outletcheap ray bans sunglassescoach outletchristian louboutin outletchristian louboutin outletmbt shoeslouboutin shoesmichael kors ukchristian louboutin outletadidas nmdpandora jewelry outletpolo outletray ban sunglassemoncler jacketschristian louboutin outletfred perry polo shirtscanada goose jacketsmont blanc pensugg outletmichael kors outletuggs outlettory burch outletcoach outletadidas outletcanada goose outletpolo outletred bottomschristian louboutin outletmoncler jacketscanada goose outletmichael kors outletkate spade outlettrue religion jeanspandora outletcanada goose jacketsugg bootsed hardynba jerseycheap ugg bootsnike outlettrue religion jeansray ban sunglasseyaoxuemei20180906

Thanks for sharing this phenomenal post. I must say i enjoyed scanning this wonderful post. It had been very informative and helpful post you tell us, continue to good work. Delhi Escort Delhi Escorts Service

I am very happy to visit your site.It is very interested and impressive.I really like it.Thanks for sharing with us.I wanna tell you that i am working with Delhi Escorts Services and our company provides best call girls in this area.If you want to spend more fun time with our girls then click or links and book our girls for all night.ThanksCall Girls in Gurgaon ||Gurgaon Call Girls

All the information in this post is very impressive and I am glad to see this kind of brilliant post. Escorts in RK PuramKalkaji EscortsMunirka Call GirlsCall Girls in Chanakya PuriGovind Puri EscortMoti Nagar Escorts ServiceEscorts in Vasant KunjDelhi Call Girls Service

Great Information, it has a lot of stuff which is informative.I will share the post with my friends. ||||